HCM CITY PUBLICIZES APPROVED MASTER PLANS FOR THE CITY’S FURTHER DEVELOPMENT
The municipal authorities have accepted the new housing plan to 2020 to improve city landscapes and raise living standard for its residents. In addition, the adjusted land-use plan to 2020 has also been approved to solve major land-use problems. These master plans promise to bring significant changes in transforming urban planning in the near future.
New housing master plan to 2020
Under the new housing plan, low-rise housing will be gradually transformed to high-rise housing to ensure efficient use of land that could be used to build new roads, parks and parking spaces. Especially, 90% of all new housing projects would be high-rises. Besides, the city has set a target of 19.8 square metres of housing per capita by 2020 and 40 million square meters of the newly built house area between 2016 and 2020. 1)
Recently, a large number of high-rise apartment projects in the inner city has caused worsening traffic congestion. In response, the city government encourages to build low-cost commercial, rental and social housing for moving local residents to outlying districts and no new high-rise residential buildings will be allowed in districts 1 and 3 until 2020.
Moreover, in districts 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 11, Tan Binh, Tan Phu, Phu Nhuan, Go Vap and Binh Thanh, the city will limit the construction of new multi-story apartment projects without infrastructure development plans and focus on developing and upgrading urban infrastructure system. Meanwhile, districts 2, 7, 9, 12, Binh Tan and Thu Duc will give priority to new housing projects along metro lines, ring roads or main traffic routes. For suburban districts such as Binh Chanh, Hoc Mon, Nha Be, Cu Chi, and Can Gio, housing projects in towns, rural residential areas, tourism areas and urban satellite areas will be prioritized to develop.2)
Furthermore, because the mushroom of residential slums still exist in the city center, the city will continue to implement the removal of more than remaining 21,000 makeshift houses on or along canals. 3)
Adjusted land-use master plan to 2020
Under the adjusted land-use master plan, from now to 2020, the city’s agricultural land will be adjusted downward to 88,000 hectares compared with the 118,000 hectares in 2010. Meantime, non-agricultural land has risen to nearly 189,000 hectares, 98,000 hectares higher than in 2010. The land used for infrastructure development in the city is estimated to total around 35,000 hectares, an increase of 15,233 hectares in comparison with 2015. Residential land in the urban area will cover 1,250 hectares.
The land-use master plan exploited land potential as an important resource for urban development, but several goals have not been reached, and there has been limited efficiency in land use as well as environmental protection. Specifically, by the end of 2015, around 2,100 hectares of the city’s urban land had not been transferred for land-use goals under the approved master plan. In particular, insufficient investment and site-clearance issues were the major land-use problems challenging the city, said Nguyễn Toàn Thắng, director of the municipal Natural Resource and Environment Department.
To carry out this adjusted master plan efficiently, Thang suggested focusing on five solutions: investment, policies, climate change adaptation, agricultural land fund protection, and implementation. Land for urbanization will be an additional 1,504ha by 2020 and 1,704ha by 2025. During the 2020 – 2025 period, half of the land in HCM City will be used for urbanization, he added. 4)